Bio

Hugh Crean has more than two decades of experience as a researcher at the University of Rochester, focusing on school-based and after-school psychosocial prevention initiatives for high-risk children and youth and families, program evaluation of psychosocial interventions, and contextual effects on adolescent risky behaviors.

Crean has conducted dozens of intervention outcome evaluations, and has served as a statistician and/or principal investigator on a number of NIH, PCORI, AHRQ, IES, OAH/DHHS, and VA funded initiatives. He is well-versed in community-based participatory research and has worked with a number of local institutions in examining program outcomes and fidelity of interventions offered.

Designs have included person randomized studies, cluster (place) randomized studies, and quasi-experimental designs. As part of this intervention work, Crean encourages colleagues to examine mediational models of the mechanisms theorized to underlie the tested intervention — addressing not just whether or not the intervention "works" but adding to a further understanding of "how" the intervention works. He has extensive experience in research design and the use of multivariate statistics and collaborates with faculty, postdocs, and students on research design and statistical approaches. He earned his PhD from the University of Texas at Austin and his bachelor's degree from St. Michael's College.

Areas of Expertise

  • Theoretical Interests : Psychopathology

Professional Experience
Research Associate, University of Rochester School of Nursing, Rochester, NY, US. 2002 - Current

Senior Researcher, Children's Institute, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY, US. 2005 - 2011

Assistant Professor, University of Rochester (Clinical and Social Sciences in Psychology), Rochester, NY, US. 1993 - 2011

Research Associate, Children's Institute, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY, US. 1994 - 2005

Social Science Research Associate, Hogg Foundation - University of Texas at Austin (Houston School of the Future Project), Austin, TX, US. 1990 - 1993

Hogg Foundation for Mental Health, University of Texas at Austin (Evaluation Research Fellowship), Austin, TX, US. 1989 - 1990

Presentations
Effective community-level, cross-sector partnerships in teen pregnancy prevention
2nd Annual Office of Adolescent Health Teen Pregnancy Prevention Conference, 2nd Annual Office of Adolescent Health Teen Pregnancy Prevention Conference, 2012
Baltimore, Maryland

The prevalence and characteristics of executive dysfunction in older adults receiving aging services care management
Annual Meeting, American Geriatric Society, 2012
Washington, District Of Columbia

Longitudinal teen pregnancy prevention research: Key features of successful community-academic partnerships
Impact of Trauma on Teens: Building the Safety Net, Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine, 2012
New Orleans, Louisiana

Family dynamics and Alzheimer's Association contact: A pilot study of parents with new dementia diagnosis and their adult children
64th Annual Scientific Meeting, Gerontological Society of America, 2011
Boston, Massachusetts

HIV-related risk among low-income adolescent girls: Lifetime and recent experiences
The Integration of Arts and Sciences, 2010 Annual Meeting of the Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine, 2010
Toronto, Canada

Fidelity of the PATHS prevention curriculum: Are we at the school, classroom, and/or individual student level?
Society for Prevention Research 17th Annual Meeting, 2009
Washington, District Of Columbia

The efficacy of the COPE Program on one- and two-year cognitive outcomes of prematurely born children
In B. M. Melnyk (Chair), Advancing the science and care of premature infants and parents, National State of the Science in Nursing Research, 2008
Washington, District Of Columbia

Internalizing and externalizing behavior problems of prematurely born children at 3 years of age: An integrative model of the COPE Program.
In B. M. Melnyk (Chair), Advancing the science and care of premature infants and parents, National State of the Science in Nursing Research, 2008
Washington, District Of Columbia

Maternal reports of parental conflict and resolution in the COPE randomized controlled trial
B. M. Melnyk (Chair), Advancing the science and care of premature infants and parents, 2008 National State of the Science in Nursing Research, 2008
Washington, District Of Columbia

PATHS to Children's Social and Character Development: Are students' social information processes changing? If so, for whom?
T. M. Haegerich (Chair), School wide interventions to promote social and character development: Preliminary findings from the Social and Character Development Place-Based Randomized Trial., Society for Prevention Research 16th Annual Meeting, 2008
San Francisco, California

Translating the COPE Program into clinical practice: The challenges of research implementation.
39th Biennial Convention of the Sigma Theta Tau International Honor Society of Nursing., 2007
Baltimore, Maryland

Maternal anxiety and depression following a premature infant's discharge from the NICU: An integrative model of the COPE Program.
B. M. Melnyk (Chair), Improving outcomes of preterms and parents with the COPE Program: Explanatory effects, cost outcomes, and implementation strategies., 39th Biennial Convention of the Sigma Theta Tau International Honor Society of Nursing, 2007
Baltimore, Maryland

The COPE NICU Program for parents and preterm infants: Direct healthcare NICU costs and savings.
Improving outcomes of preterms and parents with the COPE Program: Explanatory effects, cost outcomes, and implementation strategies., 39th Biennial Convention of the Sigma Theta Tau International Honor Society of Nursing, 2007
Baltimore, Maryland

PATHS to Children's Social and Character Development: Preliminary effects on children's social information processing abilities.
Crean, H. F., Forbes-Jones, E., & Metzger, A. P., Institute of Education Sciences Research Conference, 2007
Washington, District Of Columbia

Longitudinal patterns in early adolescent extracurricular activity participation.
Metzger, A. P., Crean, H. F., & Forbes-Jone, E, Society for Research in Child Development, 2007
Boston, Massachusetts

PATHS to Children's Social and Character Development: Preliminary questions and findings
Crean, H. F., Forbes-Jones, E., & Metzger, A. P., Society for Research in Child Development, 2007
Boston, Massachusetts

Creating Opportunities for Parent Empowerment (COPE): Program effects on parents of low birthweight (LBW) premature infants and neonatal intensive care length of stay.
Melnyk, B. M., Fischbeck-Feinstein, N. Alpert-Gillis, L., Crean, H. F., & Fairbanks, E., National Congress on the State of the Science in Nursing Research, 2006
Washington, District Of Columbia

Demographic differences in children's social-information processing variables
Research Conference, Institute of Education Sciences, 2006
Washington, District Of Columbia

Developing and maintaining relationships with schools for multi-site research
Biennial Meeting, Society for Research on Child Development, 2005
Atlanta, Georgia

An introduction to structural equation modeling and growth curve analysis
42nd Annual, Eric Gardner Conference, 2004
Auburn, New York

Selected analyses for intervention studies
Nuts and Bolts of...Intervention Studies, University of Rochester School of Nursing, 2003
Rochester, New York

African-American adolescents' and parents' changing conceptions of parental authority
Biennial meeting, Society for Research in Child Development, 2003
Tampa, Florida

Selected analyses for intervention studies
Nuts and Bolts of...Intervention Studies, University of Rochester School of Nursing, 2002
Rochester, New York

Pro-social behaviors and early adolescent delinquent behaviors: The mediating influences of individual strengths and adult support
biennial meeting, Society for Research in Child Development, 2001
Minneapolis, Minnesota

Full-service schools: Who gets the service?
Biennial meeting, Society for Research in Child Development, 2001
Minneapolis, Minnesota

Program evaluation and research: Understanding results from the Primary Mental Health Project
Annual Training Conference, Primary Mental Health Project, 1997
Rochester, New York

The State of California's Primary Intervention Program and Enhanced Primary Intervention Program: Understanding local program evaluation results
Annual Training Conference, California's Early Mental Health Initiatives, 1995
Sacramento, California

Presenting local program evaluation results: A discussion of what works and what doesn't
Annual Training Conference, California's Early Mental Health Initiatives, 1995
Sacramento, California

Understanding the Primary Intervention Program local program evaluation results
Annual Training Conference, California's Early Mental Health Initiatives, 1994
San Jose, California

Risk and protective factors in young adolescence: Implications for prevention. In I. Iscoe (Chair), The challenge of community care: Creativity, collaboration, and commitment
Znnual meeting, American Psychological Association, 1992
Washington, District Of Columbia

Hassles, negative life events, and the moderating effects of coping and social support: A comparative analysis
Third Biennial Conference, Community Research and Action, 1991
Tempe, Arizona

Criminal justice in Texas: The mentally ill in the jails and prisons. In I. Iscoe (Chair), Deinstitutionalization revisited: Implications for community research and action
Third Biennial Conference, Community Research and Action, 1991
Tempe, Arizona

Public academic liaison (PAL): An approach to integrating university researchers and human service agencies. In C. Burdsal (Chair), Trials and tribulations of applying research in agency settings
Annual meeting, Southwestern Psychological Association, 1990
Dallas, Texas

Student training in community psychology. In I. Iscoe (Chair), Community psychology: Alive and well after twenty-five years
Annual meeting, Southwestern Psychological Association, 1990
Dallas, Texas

Integrating textbook experiences with real-world settings. In I. Iscoe (Chair), Community psychology: Alive and well after twenty-five years
Annual meeting, Southwestern Psychological Association, 1990
Dallas, Texas

Publications
Crean, H. F., Forbes-Jones, E. L., & Metzger, A. P. (n.d.). Demographic differences in children's social information processing variables: Hostile attribution bias, normative beliefs about aggression, and competent and aggressive interpersonal negotiation strategies.. .

Crean, H. F. (n.d.). Youth activity involvement, neighborhood adult support, individual decision-making strengths, and early adolescent delinquent behaviors: Testing a conceptual model. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 33 (4), 175-188. First published online June 15, 2012.. DOI: 10.1016/j.appdev.2012.04.003

Crean, H. F., & Johnson, D. B. (n.d.). Promoting Alternative Thinking Strategies (PATHS) and elementary school children's aggression: Results from a cluster randomized trial. .

Morrison-Beedy, D., Jones, S., Xia, Y., Tu, X. Crean, H. F., & Carey, M.P. (n.d.). Reducing sexual risk behavior in adolescent girls: Results from a randomized controllled trial. .

Mazzotta, CM., Crean, HF, Pigeon, WR, Cerulli, C. (2018). Insomnia, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms, and Danger: Their Impact on Victims’ Return to Court for Orders of Protection. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. PMID: 29589520 DOI: 10.1177/0886260518766565

Katz, J., Crean, HF., Cerulli, C., Poleshuck, EL (2018). Material Hardship and Mental Health Symptoms Among a Predominantly Low Income Sample of Pregnant Women Seeking Prenatal Care. Maternal and Child Health Journal. PMID: 29542057 DOI: 10.1007/s10995-018-2518-x

Pidgeon, W.R., Funderburk, J., Bishop, T.M., & Crean H.F. (2017). Brief cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia delivered to depressed veterans receiving primary care services: A pilot study. Journal of Affective Disorder, 217, 105-111.

Wilde, M.H., McMahon, J.M., Crean, H.F., Brasch, J. (2017). Exploring relationships of catheter-associated urinary tract infection and blockage in people with long-term indwelling urinary catheters. .

Wilde, M. H., Crean, H. F., McMahon, J. M., McDonald, M. V., Tang, W., Brasch, J., Fairbanks, E., Shah, S., & Zhang, F. (2016). Testing a model of self-management of fluid intake in community residing long term indwelling urinary catheter users. Nursing Research, 65 (2), 97-106.

Heffner KL, Crean HF, Kemp JE (2016). Meditation programs for veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder: Aggregate findings from a multi-site evaluation. Psychol Trauma, 8 (3), 365-74.

Pigeon WR, Heffner KL, Crean H, Gallegos AM, Walsh P, Seehuus M, Cerulli C (2015). Responding to the need for sleep among survivors of interpersonal violence: A randomized controlled trial of a cognitive-behavioral insomnia intervention followed by PTSD treatment. Contemp Clin Trials, 45, 252-260.

Morrison-Beedy, D., Carey, M.P., Crean, H.F., & Jones, S.H. (2011). Risk behaviors among adolescent girls in an HIV prevention trial. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 33 (5), 690-711.

Morrison-Beedy, D., Carey, M.P., Crean, H. F., & Jones, S. (2010). Determinants of adolescent female attendance at an HIV risk reduction program. Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care, 21 (2), 153-161.

Social and Character Development Research Consorium (2010). Efficacy of schoolwide programs to promote social and character development and reduce problem behavior in elementary school children (NCER 2011-2001). .

Metzger, A. P., Crean, H. F., & Forbes-Jones, E. L. (2009). Patterns of organized activity participation in urban, early adolescents: Associations with academic achievement, problem behaviors, and perceived adult support. Journal of Early Adolescence, 29 (3), 426-442.

Massetti, G. M., Crean, H. F., Johnson, D., Dubois, D., & Ji, P (2009). Methodological considerations in evaluating school-based programs to promote social competence and reduce problem behavior.. Journal of Research in Character Education, 7 (2), 103-117.

Melnyk, B. M., Crean, H. F., Fishchbeck-Feinstein, N., & Fairbanks, E (2008). Maternal anxiety and depression following a premature infant's discharge from the NICU: An integrative model of the COPE Program. Nursing Research, 57 (6), 383-394.

Crean, H. F. (2008). Conflict in the Latino parent-youth dyad: The role of emotional support from the opposite parent. Journal of Family Psychology, 22 (3), 484-493.

Melnyk, B. M., Crean, H. F., Fischbeck-Feinstein, N., Fairbanks, E., & Alpert-Gillis, L. (2007). Testing the theoretical framework of the COPE program for mothers of critically ill children: Intervention effects on young children's post-hospital adjustment behaviors. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 32 (4), 463-474.

Melnyk, B. M., Small, L., Morrison-Beedy, D., Strasser, A., Spath, L., Kreipe, R., Crean, H. F., Jacobson, D., Kelly, S., & O'Haver, J. (2007). The COPE Healthy Lifestyles TEEN Program: Feasibilty, preliminary efficacy, and lessons learned from an after-school group intervention with overweight adolescents.. Journal of Pediatric Health Care, 21 (5), 315-322.

Melnyk, B. M., Fischbeck-Feinstein, N., Alpert-Gillis, L., Fairbanks, E., Crean, H. F., Sinkin, R. A (2006). Reducing premature infants' length of stay and improving parents' mental health outcomes with the Creating Opportunities for Parent Empowerment (COPE) neonatal intensive care unit program: A randomized controlled trial. Pediatrics, 118 (5), e1414-1427.

Melnyk, B. M., Small, L., Morrison-Beedy, D., Strasser, A., Spath, L., Kreipe, R., & Crean, H. F. (2006). Mental health correlates of healthy attitudes, choices & behaviors in overweight teens. Journal of Pediatric Health Care, 20 (6), 401-406.

Smetana, J. G., Crean, H. F., & Campione-Barr, N. (2005). Adolescents' and parents' changing conceptions of parental authority. Changing Boundaries of Parental Authority During Adolescence; New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, No. 108, 31-46.

Crean, H. F. (2004). Social support, conflict, major life stressors, and adaptive coping strategies in Latino middle school students: An integrative model. Journal of Adolescent Research, 19 (6), 657-676.

Melnyk, B. M., Alpert-Gillis, L., Fishbeck-Feinstein, N., Crean, H. F., Johnson, J., Fairbanks, E., (2004). Creating Opportunities for Parent Empowerment: Program effects on the mental health/coping outcomes of critically ill young children and their mothers. Pediatrics, 113 (6), e597-607.

Crean, H. F. (2003). Review of Heinemann, G. D., & Zeiss, A. M. (Eds.) (2002). Team performance in health care: Assess. Journal of Interprofessional Care, 17 (3), 317-318.

Smetana, J. G., Crean, H. F., & Daddis, C. (2002). Family processes and problem behaviors in middle-class African American adolescents. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 12 (2), 275-304.

Crean, H. F., Hightower, A. D., & Allan, M. (2001). School-based day care for children of teen parents: Evaluation of an urban program designed to keep young mothers in school. Evaluation and Program Planning, 24 (3), 267-275.

Sutton, S. E., Cowen, E. L., Crean, H. F., Wyman, P. A., & Work, W. C. (1999). Pathways to aggression in young, highly stressed urban children. Child Study Journal, 29 (1), 49-67.

Crean, H. F., & Arvey, H. (1992). A declaration of beliefs and visions: Houston's School of the Future. School of the future, 97-114.

Crean, H. F., & Holzer, C. E. (1990). Research on the mental health of minorities in Texas: Workshop discussion and recommendations.. Mental health research in Texas: Retrospect and Prospect, 292-301.

Crean, H. F., Rodriguez, A. N., & Vega, R. R. (1990). Concho Valley Center for Human Advancement.. Community mental health in Texas: Four case studies, 129-165.

Crean, H. F (1990). The criminal justice system and its impact on the mentally ill.. Financing Community Care for the Chronically Mentally Ill in Texas, 93-134.

Projects
Cognitive Training to Protect Immune Systems of Older Caregivers (R01)
NIH
1/15/2016 - 12/31/2020
Role: Co-Investigator
PI: Kathi Heffner

Healing Through Education, Advocacy and Law (HEAL) to Respond to Violence
PCORI
7/1/2016 - 12/31/2019
Role: Co-Investigator
PI: Catherine Cerulli