Ying Xue’s research aims to develop empirical evidence to guide national policies to optimize the nursing workforce and to improve health care delivery and outcomes, especially among vulnerable populations. Her research has examined the pivotal role of nurses in health care delivery and outcomes, including evidence on use of supplemental nurses and quality of care and cost effectiveness.

Recent health care reforms designed to reduce health inequalities by addressing access to quality care require much-needed research and policy guidance on the optimal role and contributions of nursing to advance these reforms. Xue’s current research thus focuses on examining the role of nurse practitioners in improving primary care delivery for vulnerable populations. This work includes evaluation of the impact of federal and state regulations and policies on the availability and care delivery of nurse practitioners and access to primary care among vulnerable populations, and examination of the specific roles, tasks, and collaboration among primary care providers, including nurse practitioners, to identify strategies associated with improved efficiency and quality of primary care delivery.

Prior to coming to the University of Rochester, Xue earned her doctoral degree in nursing at Yale University and completed a two-year postdoctoral fellowship at the Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research at the University of Pennsylvania.

Professional Experience
Loretta C. Ford Endowed Professorship in Primary Care Nursing, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY, . 2019 - Current

Associate Professor, University of Rochester School of Nursing, Rochester, NY, US. 2012 - Current

Assistant Professor, University of Rochester School of Nursing, Rochester, NY, US. 2006 - 2012

Dr. Jeremy A. Klainer Endowed Dean’s Discretionary Award in Nursing
University of Rochester School of Nursing, 2017

Top Reviewer
Medical Care, 2015

Mary Dombeck Diversity Enhancement Faculty Award
University of Rochester School of Nursing, 2015

Distinguished Visiting Nursing Scholar
Foundation of New York State Nurses Association, 2010

Nurse Faculty Scholars - Inaugural Class
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, 2008

The Promising New Investigator Award
University of Rochester School of Nursing, 2007

Scope-of-practice regulation and nurse practitioners as a usual source of care provider
2021 AcademyHealth Annual Research Meeting, 2021
Virtual Conference, New York

Expending scope of practice after COVID19
University of Pennsylvania Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics and School of Nursing, 2020
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Full Scope-of-Practice Regulation Is Associated with Higher Supply of Nurse Practitioners in Rural and Primary Care Health Professional Shortage Counties
Academy Health Annual Research Meeting, 2018
Seattle, Washington

Xue Y, Mullaney T, Smith B, Cai X, Spetz J. (2020). Scope-of-practice regulation and nurse practitioners as a usual source of care provider. Journal of Nursing Regulation, 11 (3), 13-21.

Zhang C., Warton M., Xue Y., LeBlanc N., Liu Y. (2020). Understanding the role of nurse practitioners, physician assistants and other nursing staff in HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis care in the United States: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Nursing, 19 (1), 1-9.

Nelson, L. E., McMahon, J. M., Leblanc, N. M., Braksmajer, A., Crean, H. F., Smith, K., & Xue, Y. (2019). Advancing the case for nurse practitioner-based models to accelerate scale-up of HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 28, 351-361. PMID: 30230068 DOI: 10.1111/jocn.14675

Xue, Y., Smith, J. A., & Spetz, J. (2019). Primary care nurse practitioners and physicians in low-income and rural areas, 2010-2016. JAMA, 321 (1), 102-105. PMID: 30620363 DOI: 10.1001/jama.2018.17944

Xue, Y., Greener, E., Kannan, V., Smith, J. A., Brewer, C., & Spetz, J. (2018). Federally qualified health centers reduce the primary care provider gap in health professional shortage counties. Nursing Outlook, 66 (3), 263-272. PMID: 29685322 DOI: 10.1016/j.outlook.2018.02.003

Xue, Y., Kannan, V., Greener, E., Smith, JA., Brent, JA., Spetz, J. (2018). Full scope-of-practice regulation is associated with higher supply of nurse practitioners in rural and primary care health professional shortage counties. Journal of Nursing Regulation, 8 (4), 5-13.

Xue, Y., Tuttle, J. (2017). Clinical productivity of primary care nurse practitioners in ambulatory settings. Nursing Outlook, 65 (2), 162-171. PMID: 27773346 DOI: 10.1016/j.outlook.2016.09.005

Xue, Y., Goodwin, J. S., Adhikari, D., Raji, M. A., & Kuo, Y. F. (2017). Trends in primary care provision to medicare beneficiaries by physicians, nurse practitioners, or physician assistants: 2008-2014. Journal of Primary Care and Community Health, 8 (4), 256-263. PMID: 29047322 PMCID: PMC5932742 DOI: 10.1177/2150131917736634

O'Brien SR, Xue Y (2016). Inpatient Rehabilitation Outcomes in Patients With Stroke Over Age 85 Years. Phys Ther, 96 (9), 1381-8. PMID: 26916929 DOI: 10.2522/ptj.20150364

Xue Y, Ye Z, Brewer C, Spetz J (2016). Impact of state nurse practitioner scope-of-practice regulation on health care delivery: Systematic review. Nurs Outlook, 64 (1), 71-85. PMID: 26475528 DOI: 10.1016/j.outlook.2015.08.005

Xue, Y. & Intrator, O. (2016). Cultivating the role of nurse practitioners in providing primary care to vulnerable populations in an era of healthcare reform. Policy, Politics and Nursing Practice, 17, 24-31.

Boev C, Xue Y, Ingersoll GL (2015). Nursing job satisfaction, certification and healthcare-associated infections in critical care. Intensive Crit Care Nurs, 31 (5), 276-84. PMID: 26169234 DOI: 10.1016/j.iccn.2015.04.001

Xue Y, Chappel AR, Freund DA, Aiken LH, Noyes K. (2015). Cost outcomes of supplemental nurse staffing in a large medical center. J Nurs Care Qual, 30 (2), 130-7. PMID: 25479239 DOI: 10.1097/NCQ.0000000000000100

Lowey, S., Smith, JA., Xue, Y., & Powers, B. (2015). Opioid use in the last year of life among Medicare beneficiaries with advanced illnesses: a retrospective cohort study.. Journal of Hospice & Palliative Nursing, 17, 242-248.

Xue, Y. (2015). Racial and ethnic minority nurses' job satisfaction in the U.S.. International Journal of Nurse Studies, 52 (1), 280-7. PMID: 25457875 DOI: 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2014.10.007

O'Brien, S. R., Xue, Y. (2014). Predicting goal achievement during stroke rehabilitation for Medicare beneficiaries. Disabil Rehabil, 36 (15), 1273-8. PMID: 24151817 DOI: 10.3109/09638288.2013.845253

Xue Y, Brewer C. (2014). Racial and Ethnic Diversity of the U.S. National Nurse Workforce. Policy Politics and Nursing Practice.

Chimenti RL1, Flemister AS, Tome J, McMahon JM, Flannery MA, Xue Y, Houck JR (2014). Altered tendon characteristics and mechanical properties associated with insertional achilles tendinopathy. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther., 44 (9), 680-9. PMID: 25103130 DOI: 10.2519/jospt.2014.5369

McMahon, J. M., Volpe, E. M., Klostermann, K., Trabold, N., Xue, Y. (2014). A systematic review of the psychometric properties of the Sexual Relationship Power Scale (SRPS) in HIV/AIDS research. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 44 (2), 267-94. PMID: 25331613 PMCID: PMC4324007 DOI: 10.1007/s10508-014-0355-6

Lowey, S.E., Powers, B.A., & Xue, Y. (2013). Short of breath and dying: State of the science on opioid agents for the palliation of refractory dyspnea in older adults. Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 39, 43-52.

Aiken, LH., Shang, JJ., Xue, Y., Sloan, DM. (2013). Hospital Use of Agency-Employed Supplemental Nurses and Patient Mortality and Failure to Rescue. Health Services Research, 48 (3), 931-948. PMID: 23216367 PMCID: PMC3651800 DOI: 10.1111/1475-6773.12018

O'Brien, S. R., Xue, Y., Ingersoll, G., & Kelly, A. (2013). Shorter length of stay is associated with worse functional outcomes for medicare beneficiaries with stroke. Physical therapy, 93 (12), 1592-1602.

Xue, Y., Smith, J., Freund, D.A. & Aiken, L.H. (2012). Supplemental nurses are just as educated, slightly less experienced, and more diverse compared to permanent nurses.. Health Affairs, 31 (11), 2510-2517. Health Aff November 2012 vol. 31 no. 11 2510-2517. DOI: 10.1377/hlthaff.2011.1297

Xue, Y., Aiken, LH., Freund, DA., Noyes, K (2012). Quality outcomes of hospital supplemental nurse staffing. Journal of Nursing Administration, 42 (12), 580-585.

Aiken, L.H., Xue, Y., Clarke, S.P., & Sloane, D.M. (2007). Supplemental nurse staffing in hospitals and quality of care. Journal of Nursing Administration, 37 (7), 335-342.