Academic Honesty

University of Rochester School of Nursing students are expected to adhere to the American Nurses Association (ANA) Code for Nurses in their professional conduct. Nursing students who hold a professional license are also expected to adhere to the state rules regarding professional conduct. All students are expected to abide by the rules set forth in the Standards of Student Conduct or in the Regulations and University Policies Concerning Graduate Study Bulletin (pages 40-55) and its faculties and to conduct themselves in accordance with accepted standards of good citizenship, honesty, propriety, and with proper regard for the rights of others. Students must obey federal, state, and local laws, as would any other citizen. When the University delegates judicial and disciplinary responsibilities to faculty or student groups, students must abide by the decision of these groups.  


Plagiarism is a form of academic dishonesty. The University of Rochester School of Nursing policy on academic honesty states:

All students are expected to understand what plagiarism is and to avoid plagiarizing in their own work. All matriculated students must pass (100% correct) the test at the end of these materials and present a signed copy of the completion certificate to the Student Affairs Office.

What is Plagiarism?

The University of Rochester School of Nursing Student Handbook defines plagiarism as follows:

  1. Plagiarism is committed when an individual uses the ideas or writings of another, as one's own …
  2. Plagiarism is literary theft, intentional or unintentional. It is the use of a unique idea or phrase that does not originate with the user, without proper acknowledgment of the source.
  3. In written papers due credit to the original source of major or unique ideas (i.e., ideas which you could not and did not arrive at by yourself) must be given in the form of footnotes or clear allusions at the proper places in the paper itself. These precise indications of source must be given whether the material is paraphrased or quoted directly. An appended bibliography only is insufficient acknowledgment.
  4. Quotation marks must enclose all direct quotations even though the quoted material is no more than occasional phrases interspersed with original observations.

Plagiarism is the act of misrepresenting the work of others as your own. The acceptable ways of crediting the source depend on whether you have described the ideas of others in your own words (paraphrasing) or used both the source’s ideas and language (direct quote).

When you do not give proper credit to others for their work, you are giving the impression that you claim credit for developing those ideas or writing those words yourself. This is morally wrong, constitutes academic dishonesty on your part, and is not acceptable behavior. Penalties in the School of Nursing for plagiarism may include receiving a failing grade for the assignment with plagiarized content or a failing grade for the course for which it was submitted.

For papers prepared in American Psychological Association (APA; 2001) format, giving proper credit involves all of the following:

Paraphrasing (others’ ideas presented in your own words)

    • Source of the idea is identified in text by author(s)’ last name, along with the year of publication of the source. (APA format utilizes text citations, not footnotes, for this purpose.)

    • The full citation of the source, in APA format, appears in the list of references for your paper.

Direct Quotation (others’ ideas presented in their original words)

    • The words of the direct quote are surrounded with quotation marks (“ “), or (if the quote is longer than 40 words) the quotation is indented as a separate block in your text.

    • The quoted material is immediately connected with the last name of the author(s), year of publication AND page number on which the quoted material appears in the original source. (If your source does not have page numbers, like an online source, include the section heading and paragraph number, instead.) 

    • The full citation of the source, in APA format, appears in the list of references for your paper.

Are there any exceptions? The only exception is for “common knowledge,” that is, facts that are not original with the source in which you read them, but are widely known from many sources. For example, you do not need to cite a source for writing that 2 + 2 = 4, or that the capitol of the United States is Washington, D.C. 

Learn more by reviewing this Overview Tutorial on how to recognize plagiarism. This tutorial is the work of Elizabeth Boling and Theodore Frick of the University of Indiana School of Education, and is linked with permission. (This resource is provided as an overview and is not intended to be the official School of Nursing Plagiarism Test and cannot be substituted as such.)

Plagiarism Test

Now take the University of Rochester School of Nursing plagiarism test. Remember, you must present your signed certificate of successful completion to the Student Affairs Office.